3-Letter (Triliteral) Roots – Akar Kata

Berikut ini contoh akar kata reguler dalam bahasa Arab:

Meninggalkanت/ر/ك
Bergerakح/ر/ك
Membawaح/م/ل
Belajarد/ر/س
Pergiد/ه/ب
Mengikutiت/ب/ع
Mengumpulkanج/م/ع
Membakarح/ر/ق
Menyimpan / Mengingatح/ف/ظ
Menyebutkanذ/ك/ ر
Akar Kata

Mengenal Alfabet Syriak

Alfabet Syriac – Serto

Berikut ini nama-nama konsonan dalam Syriac:

  1. Olaf
  2. Beth
  3. Gomal
  4. Dolath
  5. He
  6. Waw
  7. Zayin
  8. Kheth
  9. Teth
  10. Yudh
  11. Koph
  12. Lomadh
  13. Mim
  14. Nun
  15. Simkath
  16. ‘e
  17. Phe
  18. Sodhe
  19. Qoph
  20. Rish
  21. Syin
  22. Taw

Syriac, juga dikenal dengan nama suryāyāārāmāyā, dan urhāyā. yang merupakan salah satu dialek dari bahasa Aram. Syriac pada umumnya dikelompokkan dalam Late Aramaic (ca. 200 – 1200) meskipun kenyataannya Syriac sudah eksis sejak abad 1 M. Dari beberapa bukti yang ada disarankan bahwa, Syriac seharusnya dikelompokkan terpisah dari East-Aramaic (Mandaic dan Jewish Babylonian Aramaic), dan West-Aramaic (Christian Palestinian Aramaic, Samaritan Aramaic, and Jewish Palestinian Aramaic). Jika dibandingkan dengan cabang Late Aramaic lainnya, Syriac banyak mempertahankan fitur dari Standard Literary Aramaic’.

Berikut ini pengenalan alfabet Syriac – Serto melalui labelled diagram game

Drag and Drop Game

Match up Matius 28:19 game

Tata Bahasa Dasar Syriac

Syriac Bin’yan

Bin’yan P’al

Sylomo lekhun,

Bin’yan ini paling sering digunakan. Salah satu ciri bahasa Aram-Syriak yaitu memiliki akar kata. Akar kata ada yang terdiri dari tiga huruf atau triliteral, ada juga yang terdiri dari empat huruf atau quadriliteral. Contoh akar kata ܟ-ܬ-ܒ koph – taw – béth kthav, artinya He wrote. Selengkapnya untuk akar kata ini untuk Past Tense sebagai berikut:

Regular Strong Verb

Ada beberap struktur dalam kata kerja Aram-Syriac:

  1. . ܦܥܰܠ (P’al)
  2. ܐܶܬܦܥܶܠ (Ethp’el)
  3. ܦܰܥܶܠ (Pa’el)
  4. ܐܶܛܦܰܥܰܠ (Ethpa’al)
  5. ܐܰܦܥܶܠ (Aph’el)
  6. ܐܶܬܬܰܦܥܰܠ (Ettaph’al)

Yang paling sering digunakan ada 6 struktur seperti di atas.

Ada konjugasi seperti: past tense (perfect), future tense (imperfect), imperative, infinitive, present tense (active participle) , passive participle.

Ada number & gender: 3ms (third masculine singular), 3fs (third feminine singular), 2ms (second masculine singular), 2fs (second feminine singular), 1cs (first common singular). 3mp (third masculine plural), 3fp (third feminine plural), 2mp (second masculine plural), 2fp (second feminine plural), 1cp (first common plural).

Latihan Soal Syriac- Bin’yanim

Reading Eastern Syriac

Shlama Lekhun,

The following digital book is to learn Eastern Syriac online from my printed book.

Reading online of Eastern Syriac, the language of Jesus Christ

1. https://s.id/CakepDah

or

2. https://online.fliphtml5.com/kodry/vdiv/#p=20

Writing Western Syriac

Shlomo,

The first-five letters of Western Syriac are

  1. Olaf
  2. Beth
  3. Gomal
  4. Dolath
  5. He

Klip Video Kajian Bahasa Aram

ܫܳܠܡܳܐ
Shlomo Myouqra/Myouqarta,

Baca Tulis Abjad Ibrani dan Aram

 

hebrew

 

depan

Abjad Aram Timur: Madnkhaya

Abjad Aram Timur: Madnkhaya

Grup 1:A-B-G-D (ABGaD) ~ Aleph, Beith, Gamal, Daleth

Grup 2:H-W-Z (HaWaZ) ~ Heh, Waw, Zain.

Grup 3:Kh-T-Y (khaThI) ~ Khet, Tet, Yud

Grup 4: K-L-M-N (KaLMaN) ~ Kaf, Lamadh, Mim, Nun

Grup 5: S-‘-P-Ts (Sa’APaSh) ~ Simkat, ‘Ain, Pe, Shadhe

Grup 6: Q-R-Sh-T (QaRShaT) ~ Quf, Resh, Syin, Taw

 

 

Aramaik Bahasa Asli Yesus Kristus

1.Jesus didn’t speak ancient Hebrew but Aramaic 

 

2. Pope Correction of Netanyahu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mengenal Aksara Aram Timur: Madnkhaya

 

Aramaic is the ancient language of the Semitic family group, which includes the Assyrians, Babylonians, Chaldeans, Arameans, Hebrews, and Arabs.  In fact, a large part of the Hebrew and Arabic languages is borrowed from Aramaic, including the Alphabet.  The modern Hebrew (square) script is called  “Ashuri”, “Ashuri” is the Hebrew name for Assyrian, the name being used to signify the ancestor of the Assyrians, Ashur the son of Shem, the son of Noah (Genesis 10:22).  Aramaic is quoted in the very first book of the Bible, Berisheth (Genesis) in Chapter 31:47.  In fact, many portions of the Old Testament are penned originally in Aramaic, including Daniel chapter 2:4 thru chapter 7.

The first known inscriptions of Aramaic date to the late tenth or early ninth century B.C.  In  a phenomenal wave of expansion, Aramaic spread over Palestine and Syria and large tracts of Asia and Egypt, replacing many languages, including Akkadian and Hebrew.  For about one thousand years it served as the official and written language of the Near East, officially beginning with the conquests of the Assyrian Empire, which had adopted Aramaic as its official language, replacing Akkadian.

During the later Chaldean (Neo-Babylonian) and Persian conquests, Aramaic had become the international medium of exchange.  Despite Hellenistic influences, especially in the cities, that followed the conquests of Alexander the Great of Macedonia, Aramaic remained the vernacular of the conquered peoples in the Holy Land, Syria, Mesopotamia and the adjacent countries.  It ceded only to Arabic in the ninth century A.D., two full centuries after the Islamic conquests of Damascus in 633, and Jerusalem in 635.  Aramaic has never been totally supplanted by Arabic.  Aramaic had been adopted by the deported Israelites of Transjordan, exiled from Bashan and Gilead in 732 B.C. by Tiglath-Pileser III, the tribes of the Northern Kingdom by Sargon II who took Samaria in 721, and the two tribes of the Southern Kingdom of Judah who were taken into captivity to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar in 587.  Hence, the Jews who returned from the Babylonian Captivity brought Aramaic back with them to the Holy Land, and this continued to be their native tongue throughout the lifetime of Eshoo Mshikha.

During the Hellenistic period of the Seleucids, Aramaic ceased to be a uniform language, when various dialects began to form, due to regional influences of pronunciation and vocabulary.  Some of these dialects became literary languages after the differences had increased.  The language, henceforth, divided into an Eastern branch, with a number of dialects, and a Western branch with its dialects, but all of which retained a great similarity.

Aramaic can be dated to five periods, dating from inscriptions that go back to the first millennium B.C.:

  • Old Aramaic, 925-700
  • Official or Imperial (Assyrian) Aramaic, 700-200 (when the language was still uniform)
  • Middle Aramaic, 200 B.C. – 200 A.D.
  • Late Aramaic, 200-700
  • Modern Aramaic, 700 to our time

The Aramaic in which the Bible called “Assakhta Peshitta” is written, known as the Peshitta Text, is in the dialect of northwest Mesopotamia as it evolved and was highly perfected in Orhai, once a city-kingdom, later called Edessa by the Greeks, and now called Urfa in Turkey.  Harran, the city of Abraham’s brother Nahor, lies 38 kilometers southeast of Orhai.  The large colony of Orhai Jews, and the Jewish colonies in Assyria in the kingdom of Adiabene whose royal house had converted to Judaism, possessed most of the Bible in this dialect, the Peshitta Tenakh.

This Peshitta version of the Old Testament was taken over by all the Churches in the East, which used, and still use Aramaic, as far as India, and formerly in Turkestan and China.  The Peshitta Tenakh was completed during Apostolic times with the writings of the New Testament.

This literary form of Eastern Aramaic was pronounced differently in the Western countries under Roman rule and its Byzantine successor, and became the “Western” dialect, influenced by Greek grammar and style.  In the Parthian (Persian) Empire, the language retained its archaic style, syntax and pronunciation.

Greeks had called Aramaic by a word they coined, ‘Syriac’, and this artificial term was used in the West, but not in the East, where it has always been known by its own name, ‘Lishana Aramaya’ (the Aramaic language).  Modern Eastern Aramaic has sixteen dialects, spoken by Christians and Jews, and a widely spoken western dialect.  Modern Western Aramaic is spoken in three small villages north of Damascus, but in a very mixed form with words borrowed from Arabic and Turkish.

Christian manuscripts in Eastern Aramaic are written in the ancient script called Estrangela (round, thick set) with no vowel markings.  After the fifth century A.D., two different scripts developed.  In the West, a script (of which half the letters no longer resemble the Estrangela), called ‘Serto’ (strophe) is used, with five capital Greek letters for vowels, written on their side, above or below the letters.  In the Eastern script, called ‘Madinkhaya’ (Eastern) or ‘Swadaya’ (Contemporary), only five of the twenty-two letters have been slightly modified.  To indicate the seven vowels there are various accents, with two different strokes to indicate the semi-vowels, resembling the Jewish systems of Tiberias or of Babylon.

Modern Aramaic, in its various dialects, is spoken in modern-day Iraq, Iran, Syria, Israel, Lebanon, and the various Western countries to which the native speakers have emigrated, including Russia, Europe, Australia and the United States.

Churches which still use Aramaic as their liturgical language include the Church of the East, the Chaldean Catholic Church, the Syriac Orthodox Church, the Syriac Catholic Church, and the Maronite Catholic Church.

Source: peshitta.org